In the US, 100 million adults were either living with diabetes or were prediabetic as of 2017. There are nearly 3 million people in Texas that have diabetes. That is almost 15% of the entire population. For those with diabetes, mismanagement of the disease can result in complications such nerve damage, blindness, heart disease, amputation, and even death. Today we bring you a blog that give you a quick breakdown of diabetes and hyperglycemia.
What Diabetes Is
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which blood sugar levels are too high. This is known as hyperglycemia. Sugar (glucose) comes from the food we eat and the beverages we drink. When our bodies metabolize sugar, the hormone insulin is normally released into the blood to transport sugar from our bloodstream and into our cells, where it can then be used as energy. For those with type 1 diabetes, their body doesn’t produce enough insulin, which can lead to hyperglycemia. For those with type 2 diabetes, the more common type, their bodies over time become resistant to insulin or stop producing enough insulin to regulate glucose levels.
The Two Main Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is the form of diabetes a person is born with, whereas type 2 diabetes is acquired. As a result, type 2 diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes, because contributing factors, such as diet and inactivity, may cause the onset of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. This also means that type 2 diabetes is preventable. It all starts with getting active and eating right.
Signs of Hyperglycemia
For those with diabetes, a major key to effective management is understanding how your body metabolizes the food you eat and how that affects your blood sugar levels. Hyperglycemia has a few characteristic traits that you should be aware of and may help signal to you that your sugar levels may be high. These include:
1) Increased thirst
2) Increased need to urinate
3) Increased appetite
4) Fatigue and sleepiness
5) Blurry vision
6) Injuries and infections healing slower
For some however, hyperglycemia may not show symptoms essentially. For this reason, it is important that you are meeting with your endocrinologist, or a diabetes specialist, to make sure your diabetes is properly managed.
Getting Proper Treatment & Diabetes Education
At Diabetes Texas, we specialize in helping our patient better understand their body and how it is affected by diabetes. We teach proper management and help you form the right habits to make diabetes just a detail of your life, and not the focal point. Let us help you live a normal and active life. For information on becoming a patient, contact our office today.